The typical seepage tank is cast concrete with numerous holes through its walls to make it porous. Regarding sizes the tanks are first referred to in terms of “gallon capacity”. For example, typical offerings are: 500, 1000, 1290 and 1500 gallon capacities. After talking gallon capacity there can be dimensional offerings too. For instance, the popular 1000 gal. seepage tank comes in these measurements: 5′ High X 7′ Wide, 6′ High X 6.5′ Wide, and 3.5′ High X 8′ Wide.
To understand the reason for different capacity tanks, lets first understand what the seepage tank is suppose to do. Basically the seepage tank serves as an underground reservoir for “runoff water” from surface areas such as roofs, patios, driveways, etc. Even natural terrain like lawn areas and slopes that can generate volumes of runoff water can be designed to use the reservoir capacity of seepage tanks. The size and capacity of the tank is calculated by the expected volume of water it will potentially have to hold. Normally there are formulas for these different conditions and typically a civil engineer makes these calculations.
It certainly isn’t unusual to see more than one seepage tank installed in the same excavation. In these pictures you see two 1,000 gal. tanks paired together. What will happen here is as the one tank becomes full the excess water will move to the empty tank via a PVC pipe connecting the two tanks. By design the tanks are surrounded by coarse stone which easily accepts the water as it leaves the tank through the holes in the sides. The water then filters down through the gravel and back into the earth.
As more and more towns adopt codes to manage runoff water on properties, these tanks are becoming standard fare on many projects.
With some creative thinking we’ve improvised systems like this on projects where large, concrete tanks were not necessary. In future posts we’ll look at some of these smaller systems.